Articles Of Candace Pezzuti
Giardia is a cell single celled,intestinal protozoan parasite
Gardia have been found to cause disease in birds, cats, dogs and even humans..One sure way for humans is eating sushi.
This parasite can be transmitted via the water supply. So be careful when traveling to a bird mart or a show out of town. You should use bottled water for your birds.
Your own drinking water may carry this parasite.It’s always best to use bottle water When traveling to drink and clean drinkers and feeders. The safest way to protect your Birds is to boil their drinking water or use a reserve osmosis system in your home that filters the drinking water.This is not only good advice for your birds but for your own health as well.
Not only drinking water but any water that is used to clean out feeders, drinkers etc can be contaminated, if the parasite exist in your water supply.
The parasite can exist in two forms in the blood. One is, trophozoite and the other is cysts traphozoite. The first form is the active form that moves by means of flagella. These parasites attach themselves to the small intestines. The second form are dormant cysts that can shed in the feces form an infected bird. These cysts can survive outside the host and infect other hosts (bird) without showing any symptoms.
All birds are susceptible to Giardia but FLEDGING are the most susceptible. Here is where you will lose your fledging, for no apparent reason. At about 8 weeks old they will SUDDENLY become sick, they will ruffle up, look sleepy and usually die within a 24-48 hrs period. At this stage you will not be able to do anything.
Diagnosis is hard to show through means of necropsy, tissue samples, blood work even electron microscopy will not reveal these parasites. But you can prevent this from happening during your next breeding season.
The treatment of choice is Metronidozole also called Flagyl. Pigeon breeders also use this protozoa treatment for canker.
The treatment consists of the following.
Use (6) 250mg tablets crushed (use coffee grinder) to gallon of distilled water. Always use distilled water when administering medication. Treat for 5 days. Then go off the treatment for a week (7 days). Then repeat the same process 2 times. So your birds are medicated for a total of 15 days with intervals between treatment time.
The reason for this is that the parasites and protozoa reproductive cycle varies at different stages so this way you are sure to get all of them. An antibiotic such as amoxicillin can be used together with the metronidazole.
Note:When ever medicating your birds with medication in their drinking water MAKE SURE THEY ARE DRINKING THE WATER. Some birds can taste every difference in their water and will not drink. You will lose your birds because they stop drinking the water. Make sure you see all you birds drinking.
This is good advice for any type of medication you give your birds. I prefer to add my medication in the egg food. I know they will eat it in the egg food especially if I add peas to it. They don’t notice the taste of the medication.
If you did not experience any problems with the morality of your fledging then you do not have to use the treatment in the water but can add it to you egg food accordingly.Make sure the amount is not too strong depending on the amount of egg food each bird is given.
Prophylacticly, I use 6 tablets and 4 amoxicillin pills in my egg food (appx 16 cups of egg food mixture) for 3 days; off a week then on again for another week, one month prior to breeding. This cleans out their system if they do have anything going on. Prevention is the key. Once a bird has an active infection the treatment does not work in my experience.
As I mentioned in my opening paragraph this type of infection is more prominent then you may realize. People do have this condition and won’t know unless they have an endoscopy performed. The treatment by the way is exactly the same except the dosage of course is larger.
This article is for your information purposes only. I recommend you do your own reading and research on the subject. The author will not be held responsible for anything relating to this article.
This information is from my own experience and research. If you have any problems you should consult your veteranian.
Methronidazole can be obtained by different sources. Most pigeon suppliers carry it such as
Siegel’s, Jedd’s Global. Thomas laboratories also hat it. For your convenience call 800-359-8387 or visit their website. I do not recommend any particular supplier but offer this information for your convenience.
Remember the full name is Metronidazole also called flagyl or fish zole
Respectfully submitted by Candace Pezzuti.
(Extrait de la revue du NPC
The National Norwich Plainhead Canary Club)